Lothian is a region in eastern Scotland, containing the former counties of East Lothian, Midlothian and West Lothian. It covers 677 square miles. The regional headquarters is in Edinburgh. There are four administrative districts within the region, West Lothian, City of Edinburgh, Midlothian and East Lothian. The land along the Firth of Forth is low, though the coastline is often rocky. There is a gradual increase in height southwards, rising to over 1,700 feet in the Pentland and Lammermuir Hills.
  The climate is quite dry and cereals will ripen. The lowlands are farmed intensively, and vegetables and pigs are particularly important. Sheep are reared on the hills. The Midlothian coalfield near Tranent and Portobello, the rich soils, and the presence of Edinburgh, capital of Scotland, combine to make this an important region. Edinburgh is served by its port Leith which trades with Scandinavia and Iceland, and has industries such as saw-milling, associated with the imports. Haddington and Dunbar are typical market towns, with small industries including flour milling and distilling. North Berwick is a fashionable resort popular with Edinburgh people. Linlithgow is the birthplace of Mary, Queen of Scots.